Purchase of Mangoes Directly from Farmers

Purchase of Mangoes Directly from Farmers | Decides Horticulture Department | in Vijayawada

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Purchase of Mangoes Directly from Farmers | Decides Horticulture Department | in Vijayawada

A mango is a juicy stone fruit (drupe) produced from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.

Most of these species are found in nature as wild mangoes. The genus belongs to the cashew family Anacardiaceae. Mangoes are native to South Asia, from where the “common mango” or “Indian mango”, Mangifera indica, has been distributed worldwide to become one of the most widely cultivated fruits in the tropics. Other Mangifera species (e.g. horse mango, Mangifera foetida) are grown on a more localized basis.

Worldwide, there are several hundred cultivars of mango. Depending on the cultivar, mango fruit varies in size, shape, sweetness, skin color, and flesh color which may be pale yellow, gold, or orange. Mango is the national fruit of India and Pakistan, and the national tree of Bangladesh. It is the unofficial national fruit of the Philippines.

The English word “mango” (plural “mangoes” or “mangos”) originated from the Malayalam word māṅṅa (or mangga) via DravidianTamil (mankay as man for mango tree and kay for fruit, or maangaay) during the spice trade period with South India in the 15th and 16th centuries.

Purchase of Mangoes Directly from Farmers | Decides Horticulture Department | in Vijayawada

The earliest known reference to the cultivation of mangoes can be traced to India up to 2000BCE Mango was brought to East Asia around 400–500 BCE; was available by the 14th century on the Swahili Coast (according to Ibn Battuta); and was brought in the 15th century to the Philippines and in the 16th century Brazil by Portuguese explorers.There have been several verified accounts and novels with references to the mango fruit in Indian Tamil literary works, the most prominent known reference to the mango fruit being to the 5th century saint Karaikkal Ammaiyar, where it is mentioned that she received a mango fruit as a boon from Lord Shiva, due to her devotion when her husband requested it, after providing alms one out of two mangoes given by her husband earlier to an Ascetic, disguised as Lord Shiva.

Mango is mentioned by Hendrik van Rheede, the Dutch commander of the Malabar region in his 1678 book, Hortus Malabaricus, about plants having economic value. When mangoes were first imported to the American colonies in the 17th century, they had to be pickled because of lack of refrigeration. Other fruits were also pickled and came to be called “mangoes”, especially bell peppers, and in the 18th century, the word “mango” became a verb meaning “to pickle”.

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16 comments

  1. I have wholesale shop in Uttar Pradesh. I want farmers numbers i want to directly contact with them

  2. It would be very nice if mangoes could be transported across the state of Andhra Pradesh

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